ORGANIC PESTICIDE – 7 Ways to Make it

ORGANIC PESTICIDE – 7 Ways to Make it.


SOIL ANALYSIS? – ANALYSE YOUR SOIL NOW! ‘Unless you test your soil, it’s just a guess’

Photo Source: Google: httpwww.staffs-scientific-services.orguploadsimagesNew%20Imagesplant%20in%20soil%20in%20hands_19080436.jpg

Photo Source: Google:

* Don’t just add bags/sachets/bottles of fertilizers to your soil because your friend added same quantity of fertilizer to his/her soil or a literature tells you to do so. It is RISKY!

* Don’t add the same formular/composition of fertilizer on your soil because your friend applied same formular/composition on his/her soil or literature tells you so. It is RISKY!

* Even though a study had been previously done on your soil for nutrient analysis, remember it is your turn to plant on same soil and NUTRIENT DEPLETS.

* You can actually determine the nutrient available in your soil, either the nutrient/element needed in large quantity or less quantity which gives you a CLEAR picture of the amount/quantity of fertilizer needed on your soil and ultimately reduces your cost of fertilizer input.

* You can also determine if the soil is suitable for the production of your crop

* Soil Analysis gives you the answer. DON’T RISK YOUR PROJECT, DON’T RISK YOUR BUSINESS…Analyze your soil today!

Photo Source: Google: httpwww.agronomy.k-state.eduimagessoil-testing-labsoil-samples-

Photo Source: Google: httpwww.agronomy.k-state.eduimagessoil-testing-labsoil-samples-

* pH
* Particle Size Distribution (Sand Silt, Clay)
* Exchangeable Cations (Ca, Mg, Na, K)
* Exchangeable Acidity (Al+ , H+)
* Effective Cation Exchange Capacity
* Base Saturation
* Total Nitrogen
* Total Organic Carbon
* Available Phosphorus
* Micro-Nutrients (Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn)

* Ammonium Nitrogen
* Nitrate Nitrogen
* Nitrite Nitrogen

* Sample Dissolution (Digestion)
* Phosphate
* Sulphate

* Sample Dissolution (Digestion)
* Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Co, K, Na, etc

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1. Rice Farming – Nigeria has one of the world’s highest Rice consumption stat. Rice is by far one of the most popular staple food among Nigerians, almost every family eats rice daily in Nigeria. In 2011 alone, Nigeria spent N991 Billion on Rice importation and the rice we import is said to be nothing less than 10 years old in storage. That means we spends billions buying Rice that has since lost it’s nutritional values.

Any Agripreneur in Nigeria who goes into Rice Farming and get it right is sure to be smiling to the bank. A bag of Rice is currently sold for N8,000 to N10,000 depending on the quality. A farmer who is able to invest in large scale Rice Farming in Nigeria and produced 100,000 Bags of processed Rice in a year, sell at wholesale price of about N7,000 per bag, he will be making 7,000 x 100,000 = N700,000,000 ($5.5 Million)

You can achieve the above figures conveniently with less than Two hundred million Naira ($1.3 Million) capital investment!

2. Cassava Farming -The popularity of cassava as the major source of food for Nigerians dates back to ages. Between Garri and Rice, it’s hard to tell which one is the most popular as both are the most consumed food staples among the citizens — I think if one is the King the other should be the Queen.

A bag of Garri costs almost the same as a bag of rice, and apart from garri, there are tens of other food stuffs that are processed from Cassava in Nigeria. The introduction of the high yield species of Cassava has made it possible for Nigerian Cassava Farmers to produce more Cassava per plot. Nearly every land in Nigeria is good for growing Cassava and 1 Acre, when properly planted and managed can produce Thousands of Naira worth of Cassava in a year!

3. Plantain Plantation – One thing I like about Plantain is that when planted once, it keeps producing year in year out for eternity. Like Rice and Garri, Plantain is widely consumed in Nigeria and you know — any food that is popular in Nigeria is always a huge income earner due to the population of the country.

I really haven’t seen Farmers in Nigeria taking advantage of the opportunity in Plantain Farming to create wealth for themselves. Plantain is highly priced in Nigeria and is always in high demand all year round. Fry it, Boil it, Roast it — it will never get angry with you, that’s how liberal Plantain is. I can tell you, Millions of Naira is currently lying fallow untapped in this sector of Farming in Nigeria.

4. Poultry Farming – Everyone knows how ‘Cashy’ this one is, it doesn’t need much introduction and yet it’s still not fully tapped. What we currently have are few badly managed, scantily equipped poultry farms here and there. I’m yet to see a full fledged, high tech Poultry Farm as it is in The USA and Europe except Obasanjo’s Farm which I don’t think is currently in serious business.

Any serious entrepreneur who is able to fire this up will have huge profit to contend with. The reason is because Nigerians eat chicken more than snakes do and 70% of our consumption still based on importation. The egg is yet another goldmine!

5. Pineapple Farming – Money is sweet, everything sweet is money, and Pineapple is sweet. Ask any Australian Farmer and he will tell you how huge the income in Pineapple Farming is in their country. Any juice maker that doesn’t have Pineapple flavor variety in his product line is not yet in business. That tells you how popular Pineapple is, not only in Nigeria but Worldwide.

Nigeria seems to have better soil for Pineapple Farming than Australia where Farmers are making it big in the business. A Pineapple sells in Mile-12 market in Lagos for about N200 — If you are able to harvest one million in a year, you will earn least N80 x 1,000,000 = N80,000,000

6. Beans Farming – A bag of Beans costs twice more than a bag of Rice and garri the Northern Nigerians are making it big in Beans Farming, supplying almost all over Nigeria and beyond. But one thing is that, this same Beans also can do very well in the South East, South West, and South South Nigeria soils. So why only the North?

7. Catfish Farming – Catfish Business is really hyping in Nigeria right now but how many are really getting it right? Get it right and you’re in money. A single Catfish sells for N700 in Restaurants and about N400 in open market.

8. Goat Rearing – It’s only in the North that goat is reared in commercial quantity. I don’t know why we are so looking down on Farming Investment in the South even though there are millions to be made in this business. Why would you chose to sell used shoes in Oshodi and make few thousands of Naira yearly than to engage in productive Farm Business and make millions of Naira?

In The USA and Australia, Farmers are among the Richest people – Get involved in professional goat rearing and make money for yourself. A full grown goat sells for between N15,000 to N40,000

9. Snail Farming – I see Snail Farming really picking up in Nigeria very soon — but if you don’t hurry up, others would have made the money before you realize what you are missing. The potential in this business for you is about N50,000,000 Annual revenue.

10. Maize Farming – You never know the profit in Maize Farming in Nigeria until you try it, and one thing I like about it is that everything happens fast. It takes less than Four months between planting and harvesting.

Stand up. Get involved in any of these Farming and you will never regret it. Drop us a comment if you are in support of Farming Business in Nigeria!
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GOSAV NIGERIA LIMITED Recieves On-field Training on Macro-propagation of Hybrid Plantain Using Excised Buds Method

GOSAV NIGERIA LIMITED Recieves On-field Training on Macro-propagation of Hybrid Plantain Using Excised Buds Method.




In a plenary session on youth issues and challenges, the Honourable Minister of Agriculture, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina, while addressing the participants, gave a little story of his ambition right from child hood. He said at age 14, he finished high school. After obtaining a form for admission into the tertiary institution _ University of Ibadan, his Dad kept  filling Medicine, Veterinary and Dentistry as a choice of course for his University degree. This was done for 3 consecutive years and the University management kept declining his offer, thereby offering him admission on agronomy. This was when his Dad accepted his fate to study agriculture in the university.

The Honourable minister stressed the fact that; to get young entrepreneurs like IITA Youth Agripreneurs (IYA), the University curriculum must be changed to accommodate a change in mindset of young future entrepreneurs from the grass root. He further highlighted some statistics which underscored his success in office as an Agriculture Minister because he was opportune to have his capacity built by IITA and some like organizations. Part of his office success story is that; in 2013, 10.5 million farmers was registered under the platform of Growth Enhancement Scheme (GES), 15 million was registered by 2014, 8 million farmers reached directly over mobile phone by 2013, thereby increasing livelihood of 40 million people. Over 30 bakeries in the country are now producing substitutes of cassava and wheat composite bread and that will save the country of 125 billion Naira every year from importation of wheat.


Cross section of IIITA Youth Agripreneurs.

He pointed out that 65% of Africa land will feed the nation if drastic measures are taken place. He also sited an example of how modern successful and ultimately wealthy  a farmer should be viewed, using U.S.A and European farmers as examples and that he wants the youth to grow in that mindset and direction.

Concluding his address, he proclaimed by saying ‘we want to create next generation of agribusiness farmers’ and that he has invested interest in IYA’s success and finalized by pledging a sum of money to IYA for IITA to link the IYA Youth to greater companies so as to build their capacity, and that he himself wants to be a focus media on the IYA.

Follow the events on the #YADI14 event anywhere in the world using the hashtag on Twitter and Facebook to get proffered solutions on these challenges.




This is a question which received an answer by an initiative conceptualization workshop organized by a youth group called ‘IITA Youth Agripreneurs (IYA)’ on the ‘ Engagement of Youth Entrepreneurship for Agricultural Transformation in Africa’  which was supported by AGRA (Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa), SARD-SC (Support to Agricultural Research for Development of Strategic Crops in Africa). One of the resource persons – Dr. Namanga Ngongi who is a member of the IITA Board of Trustees, gave a keynote address.

In his keynote address, he specifically gave an example of his experience on one of his trips to an African country, telling that he had an encounter with an Agripreneur selling crickets (packaged and branded). He further underscored the fact that; if an employment and wealth could be created by packaging mere insect and selling as an agribusiness, then everything in agriculture should be taken as a business. For more video information on this, click here.

Drawing conclusion to this, the participants broke out into sessions to brainstorm and find the causes of lack of engagement  of youths in agribusiness. Below are the outcomes of the group I participated in which had 28 participants.

My group was to find out sub-causes on non-existence of a network of well educated and motivated young entrepreneurs around rural agribusiness service cluster (hubs) that attract private sector investor for long term sustainable development.

My group findings were:

  1. There is lack of strategic alliances and partnership at local, regional, national and continental level that have established channels of communication that can help disseminate information to the youth on the economic benefits of employment in the agricultural sector.
  2. While agriculture gain from adequate technical training form different initiatives, there is a need for business and communication skills, value chain development and capacity building training that allows independent farmers and youth to form alliances and lobby for funding from interested organizations.
  3. There is limited number of functional and dynamic youth groups engaging in agriculture, particularly in rural areas.
  4. There is no effective, gender sensitive, national strategy that links existing youth agric-organizations to agricultural financing agencies.
  5. There is no established government or private sector platforms that facilitate linkages between academic institutes (agriculture graduates) and existing agric-business to create a dynamic job market with a balance of supply and demand.
  6. No academic curricula and youth engagement initiatives do not provide for a mentored environment for youth to gain practical entrepreneurial experience.

During our brainstorming sessions, I ultimately noted the fact that without access or proper access to communication technologies platform for the rural youth e.g internet access that may enable information dissemination from the agricultural sector, there would be a crawl in the improvement of network of well educated and motivated young entrepreneurs around agribusiness service clusters (hubs) that attract private sector investors for long term sustainable development.

Follow the events on the #YADI14 event using the hashtag on Twitter and Facebook to get proffered solutions on these challenges.

Blogpost by Johnbosco Ezemenaka, IYA member and a social media reporter for the #YADI14



Vegetable is an edible plant or its part, intended for cooking or eating raw. Vegetables may be raw or cooked; fresh, frozen, canned, or dried/dehydrated; and may be whole, cut-up, or mashed. Vegetables are most often consumed as salads or cooked in savoury or salty dishes, while culinary fruits are usually sweet and used for desserts.
In everyday, grocery-store, culinary language, the words “fruit” and “vegetable” are mutually exclusive; plant products that are called fruit are hardly ever classified as vegetables, and vice-versa. The word “fruit” has a precise botanical meaning (a part that developed from the ovary of a flowering plant), which is considerably different from its culinary meaning, and includes many poisonous fruits. While peaches, plums, and oranges are “fruit” in both senses, many items commonly called “vegetables” — such as eggplants, bell peppers, and tomatoes — are botanically fruits, while the cereals (grains) are both a fruit and a vegetable, as well as some spices like black pepper and chili peppers.
Some vegetables can be consumed raw, while some must be cooked to destroy certain natural toxins or microbes in order to be edible. A number of processed food items available on the market contain vegetable ingredients and can be referred to as “vegetable derived” products. These products may or may not maintain the nutritional integrity of the vegetable used to produce them.
Nutrition Value
Vegetables are eaten in a variety of ways, as part of main meals and as snacks. The nutritional content of vegetables varies considerably, though generally they contain little protein or fat and varying proportions of vitamins such as Vitamin A, Vitamin K and Vitamin B6, provitamins, dietary minerals and carbohydrates. Vegetables contain a great variety of other phytochemicals, some of which have been claimed to have antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral and anticarcinogenic properties. Most vegetables also contain fibre, important for gastrointestinal function. Vegetables contain important nutrients necessary for healthy hair and skin as well.

Diets containing recommended amounts of fruits and vegetables may help lower the risk of heart diseases and Type 2 diabetes. These diets may also protect against some cancers and decrease bone loss. The potassium provided by both fruits and vegetables may help prevent the formation of kidney stones.
Thus, IITA Youth Agripreneurs (IYA), in a continued effort to exploit more Agricultural opportunities, have just commenced production and marketing of some vegetables. This, we believe will not only increase the capacity of youths but also address the problem of essential nutrient deficiencies.

Listed below are the vegetable crops produced by IITA Youth Agripreneurs (IYA).

Okro Lettuce
Spinach Aubergine
Cucumber Cabbage
Ugu Chilies
Green beans Grean Pepper
Carrot Sweet Corn
Hot Pepper Papaya
Corriander Cauli flower
Water melon Pineapple